Surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the basic components in the treatment of brain tumours. Further treatment options are nuclear medical techniques, proton beam therapy, electric fields, etc. In several cases, participation in clinical trials is possible and may be a promising option.


Ideally, the purpose of surgical intervention is to remove a tumour completely. Where this is not possible, for example due to invasive growth, the surgeon reduces the size of the tumour as much as possible. To preserve important neurological and cognitive functions, different electrophysiological methods are used during surgery. In some types of brain tumours, the tumour removal under awake conditions in local anaesthesia is the most promising option for the patient and therefore offered and discussed with the patient.


Adjuvant radiotherapy is often used after surgery to treat residual tumour tissue. Radiotherapy can also be used to treat tumours growing in areas that are difficult for surgeons to reach. In certain cases, radiotherapy represents the most effective primary treatment option.


Chemotherapy is often used in combination with radiotherapy in the postoperative treatment phase of tumours, especially primary brain tumours. In most cases, this kind of chemotherapy is administered in oral form as tablets and is well tolerated without significant side effects. Besides the postoperative standard chemotherapy, there are several further substances that can be used in the case of tumor regrowth.