Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

What happens if my PSA reading is high?

Specialist knowledge is required to interpret a patient’s prostate specific antigen (PSA) value. It is analysed taking into account the patient’s history, the trend of previous PSA readings, the size of the prostate and the physical examination of the prostate. If there is a suspicion of a malignant prostate disease (prostate cancer), we request our radiology colleagues to perform an MRI scan of the prostate. This identifies suspicious areas in the prostate. The MRI images can be combined with ultrasound to provide an MRI-TRUS fusion biopsy of the suspect region. For this procedure we use the robot-controlled "Mona Lisa" biopsy system. This method guarantees an extremely precise tissue biopsy that is both safe and minimally invasive. If malignant tissue is found, you have the opportunity to discuss your condition with the interdisciplinary Tumour Board in the Urology Tumour Centre.

What happens if there’s blood in my urine?

There can be many reasons for blood in the urine, such as infection, urinary stones, benign prostate enlargement (BHP) – but also malignant diseases of the bladder, urethra and renal pelvis of both men and women. Full urological diagnosis is therefore necessary, including a bladder endoscopy (as an outpatient) and computer imaging via a CT or MRI scan.

What should I do if I have a swelling in my testicle?

Contact us immediately if you discover a lump in your testicle, even if it is not painful. Although very rare, it may be the first sign of testicular cancer, one of the most common malignant growths in young men. If you are affected, we carry out a full medical examination and an ultrasound scan of the testes.

What if there is an incidental finding of a kidney tumour?

Currently kidney tumours are most often  discovered by chance during computer tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or ultrasound screening. Our highly experienced team in the Urology Tumour Centre offers expert diagnosis and treatment in such cases.